Even during a global pandemic in the last two years, nearly 150,000 people were conferred as Australian citizens. Representing over 200 different national backgrounds, many of these people achieved their road to permanent residency and eventual citizenship with the help of an immigration law firm.
Australia is a popular choice for people wanting to relocate and to make a new start but as with every move to another country, the success of achieving permanent residency begins with ensuring that one’s visa application is successful. There are several visas which will be outlined in this article that provide a path to permanent residency.
Direct routes to permanent residency
186 Visa holders
186 visas are permanent residency visas for skilled workers. They are available both to applicants already living and working in Australia as temporary residents, and to those living outside Australia. To be eligible for a 186 visa, a skilled individual must be nominated by an Australian employer. There are 3 streams under which a person can apply for a 186 visa.
Direct Entry stream: This visa lets skilled workers nominated by an employer live and work in Australia permanently, provided that their occupation is on the relevant list of eligible skilled occupations and they have competent command of English.
Labour agreement stream: This visa allows skilled workers nominated by their employer to live and work in Australia permanently. This stream is for those who currently work, or will work, for an employer who is party to a labour agreement.
Temporary Residence Transition stream: This visa lets skilled workers who are nominated by their employer, live and work in Australia permanently provided they hold a 457, TSS or related bridging visa A, B or C and have usually worked for an employer full-time for at least three years.
186 Visa General Eligibility
A 186 Permanent Visa can be applied for if you have not reached the age limit of 45 years old. Furthermore, you must have at least 3 years of work experience in your nominated occupation and already have been nominated by a business in Australia before submitting your visa application. There are a range of exemptions that apply and speaking to an immigration law expert can shed light on all exemptions relevant to your circumstances.
If your occupation is on the skilled list, but not sponsored by a company and your application scores a total of 65 points or more on the visa application system (which takes several criteria into consideration and scores each accordingly) then you could be granted the ability to move to Australia on a permanent basis.
Similar to the 189 visa, an applicant must also satisfy the points test. Additionally, they must be invited to apply for this visa, have an occupation on the relevant skilled list and have a suitable skills assessment for the occupation.
Permanent visas for partners and for children
A big part of the decision to move to Australia is for a better quality of life for your family and partner. There are a number of subclass partnership visas dependent on individual circumstances. The one thing they all have in common is that the relationship must be a committed one and can be for married couples or de facto partnerships of the same or opposite sex.
Partner Visa (Subclasses 820 and 801)
These visa options are relevant for those who are a spouse or partner of a permanent resident, Australian citizen or eligible New Zealand citizen. The Subclass 820 visa is a temporary partner visa that allows a person to live in Australia. It is the first stage towards a permanent Partner Visa (Subclass 801).
Prospective Marriage Visa (Subclass 300)
This is a temporary 9 to 15 month visa that can be granted provided one has plans to marry their prospective spouse within this time to ensure eligibility for a permanent residency.
The Australia government recognises the importance of family and dependent relatives to live together. Therefore, any Australian citizens, permanent residents or eligible New Zealand citizens may be eligible to sponsor their family members to reside in Australia. The family migration scheme in Australia permits eligible persons to sponsor members of their immediate family to join them in Australia on a temporary or permanent basis under a range of visa options. To be successful in attaining a family visa, a sponsor must generally demonstrate financial capability to support nominated family members for up to two years upon arrival, and in some instances be required to provide an Assurance of Support (AoS), which includes the payment of a financial bond up to ten years.
While this list outlines many of the common visas that provide a pathway to permanent residency, it is not comprehensively exhaustive. To save time in understanding which visa you can apply for that will enable you to become a permanent resident in Australia, it helps to have the advice and assistance of the best immigration lawyer in Melbourne.